Twenty-five years ago, he put forward "Green Project", he said, "When the mountains in the east of Fujian are green, when the east of Fujian is rich". Ten years ago, he put forward "ecological project", he said, "Green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains". Today, he put forward a new concept of "green development", he said, "Let residents see mountains, see water, remember homesickness"; he is our learning. Greatly. Since the Eighteenth National Congress, the Party Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping as its general secretary, has insisted on practical and theoretical innovations, coordinated the promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, integrated the domestic and international overall situation, unswervingly adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics, and made new and significant achievements in various undertakings of the Party and the state. The Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee emphasized that in order to achieve the development goals during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, solve the development problems and cultivate the development advantages, we must firmly establish and implement the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, open and sharing. This is a profound change related to the overall development of our country. All Party comrades should fully understand the great practical significance and far-reaching historical significance of this reform. "Learning China" will launch a series of articles "Xi Jinping and the Five Development Ideas of the 13th Five-Year Plan" in succession, and "Green" will be launched today.
The Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held in Beijing from 26 to 29 October 2015.
New Concept of Green Development
Xi Jinping's concept of green development is a new development concept that combines Marxist ecological theory with the characteristics of the development of the present era, and integrates the Oriental civilization. It is a new development concept that integrates the construction of ecological civilization into all aspects of economic, political, cultural, social construction and the whole process.
First, the concept of green economy
It refers to a new concept of economic development based on the idea of sustainable development, committed to improving human welfare and social equity. "Green economic development" is the material basis of "green development", which covers two aspects: on the one hand, the economy should be environmentally friendly. Any economic action must take protecting environment and ecological health as the basic premise. It requires that any economic activity not only can not sacrifice environment, but also be conducive to environmental protection and ecological health. On the other hand, environmental protection needs economy. That is, to obtain economic benefits from environmental protection activities, to maintain ecological health as a new economic growth point, to achieve "digging gold from green".
We need to take the cultivation of ecological culture as an important support, coordinate the promotion of new industrialization, urbanization, informatization, agricultural modernization and greening, firmly establish the concept of "green water and green hills are Jinshan and Yinshan", adhere to the basic principles of "saving first, protecting first, natural restoration", and take green development, circular development and low-carbon development as the basic ways.
In 2005, Xi Jinping, then Secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, pointed out that "if the advantages of ecological environment are transformed into the advantages of ecological economy such as ecological agriculture, ecological industry and ecological tourism, then the green mountains will become Jinshan and Yinshan". The development of green economy emphasizes "production mode with high technology content, low resource consumption and less environmental pollution", and "thrifty, green, low-carbon, civilized and healthy consumption lifestyle".
On August 21, 2015, at a seminar for non-Party personages held in Zhongnanhai, Xi Jinping pointed out that during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, China's development faced many new situations and problems, the most important of which was that the economic development entered a new normal state. Under the new normal situation, new changes have taken place in the environment, conditions, tasks and requirements of China's development. To adapt to the new normal, grasp the new normal, lead the new normal, and maintain the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society, we must adhere to the correct development concept. The draft proposal analyses the situation and tasks at the decisive stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way, puts forward and expounds the development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, open and sharing, and emphasizes that the implementation of these development concepts is a profound change related to the overall development of our country.
The concept of development is the forerunner of development action and the concentrated embodiment of development ideas, direction and focus. We should go directly to the current problems, embody the distinct problem orientation, lead the transformation of development mode with the change of development concept, promote the improvement of development quality and efficiency with the change of development mode, and guide the economic and social development of our country in the 13th Five-Year Plan period.
Second, the concept of green environment development
It refers to the rational use of natural resources, the prevention of pollution and destruction of the natural environment and the human environment, the protection of the natural environment and the earth's living organisms, the improvement of the living conditions of the human social environment, the maintenance and development of ecological balance, and the coordination of the relationship between human and the natural environment, in order to ensure the common development of the natural environment and human society. Xi Jinping pointed out that the construction of ecological civilization is related to the well-being of the people and the future of the nation. "A good ecological environment is the most equitable public goods and the most inclusive well-being of the people." On January 20, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in his investigation work in Yunnan: "New rural construction must follow the road that is in line with rural reality, follow the law of rural self-development, fully reflect rural characteristics, pay attention to local flavor, retain rural features, retain green mountains and waters, and remember homesickness. The economy should develop, but not at the cost of destroying the ecological environment. Eco-environmental protection is a long-term task, which should be done for a long time. We must protect the Erhai Lake, so that the natural beauty of Cangshan without ink and Qianqiu paintings and Erhai without strings and ancient piano will remain in the world forever. On May 25, 2015, Xi Jinping said during an investigation at Zhoushan Nongjiale Small Courtyard in Zhejiang Province, "This is a natural oxygen bar, a beautiful economy, which proves that green mountains and green waters are the truth of Jinshan and Yinshan." On May 27, 2015, Xi Jinping held a symposium on the main responsible comrades of the Party committees of seven provinces and municipalities in East China in Zhejiang Province, pointing out that "coordinated development and green development are both concepts and measures, and policies must be in place and implemented in place." We should scientifically allocate production space, living space and ecological space, firmly promote the protection of the ecological environment, so that a good ecological environment can become the growth point of people's quality of life and the driving point to show our country's good image.
Third, green political ecological concept
It refers to the clear political ecology and good political environment. Xi Jinping pointed out: "The natural ecology should be beautiful, and the political ecology should be beautiful. Punishing corrupt elements severely is an inevitable requirement to maintain a clean political ecology. If there is a hiding place for corrupt elements in the Party, the political ecology will inevitably be polluted.
The Communiquy of the Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee pointed out: "We should adhere to the principle of strictly governing the Party and governing the Party according to regulations, promote the construction of a clean and honest Party style and the fight against corruption, consolidate the achievements of the fight against corruption, improve the long-term mechanism of working style, strive to build a system that dares not corrupt, cannot corrupt and does not want to corrupt, and strive to solve the problems of inaction and disorderly conduct of some cadres, and actively Ecology, Form the Spiritual State of Daring to Take on the Responsibility and Active Work, and Strive to Realize Clear Cadres
II. A New Way of Green Development
Xi Jinping's concept of green development has led China to a new road of sustainable development and civilized development. Since the 18th National Congress, Xi Jinping has made more than 60 speeches, expositions and instructions on the construction of ecological civilization and the maintenance of ecological security, which shows that he attaches great importance to green development. He served as the chairman of the drafting group of the eighteenth report, pointing out in the report that we should "adhere to the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment, adhere to the principle of giving priority to saving, protecting and restoring nature, and strive to promote green development, circular development and low-carbon development".
Green development is the concrete embodiment of adhering to the people's dominant position. "Adhering to the people's dominant position" is the principle that the Fifth Plenary Session of the Fifth Central Committee emphasized to achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way and to promote the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society, which must be followed. Xi Jinping pointed out during his visit to Hainan that "a good ecological environment is the most equitable public product and the most inclusive people's well-being." Xi Jinping pointed out in the sixth collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee that "the protection of the ecological environment is an undertaking that benefits the present and the future." We should have a clear understanding of the urgency and arduousness of protecting the ecological environment and controlling environmental pollution, of the importance and necessity of strengthening the construction of ecological civilization, in order to create a good production and living environment for the people with a highly responsible attitude and responsibility for the people and future generations.
Green development is a concrete action to implement sustainable development strategy. Xi Jinping pointed out: "The ecological environment is the foundation of economic and social development. Development should be the overall development of economy and society, coordinated development in space and sustainable development in time. Xi Jinping emphasized: "Economic development and the increase of GDP figures are not all we pursue. We should also pay attention to the indicators of social progress and prosperity of civilization, especially the human indicators, resource indicators and environmental indicators. We should not only strive for today's development, but also be responsible for tomorrow's development, providing a good foundation for future development and sustainable use of resources and rings." Environment. "
Green development is the only way to enhance comprehensive strength and international competitiveness. The ecological environment has become an important part of the comprehensive competitiveness of a country and a region. Xi emphasized that "China will continue to shoulder its international obligations, carry out in-depth exchanges and cooperation with other countries in the field of ecological civilization, promote the sharing of achievements, and work together to build a beautiful ecological home of the earth."
Green development is an important way to achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. "Overall improvement of ecological environment quality" is an important content of the new goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way put forward by the Fifth Plenary Session of the Central Committee. Xi Jinping pointed out: "We have entered a new stage of development, which is not only to solve the problem of food and clothing, but also to speed up the construction of a well-off society in an all-round way and to basically realize modernization in advance. We should not only pursue speed, but also pursue the unity of speed, quality and efficiency. We should not blindly develop, pollute the environment and leave a heavy burden on future generations, but also coordinate human and nature. To meet the requirements of harmonious development, we should do a good job in population, resources and environment.
New Measures for Green Development
Xi Jinping pointed out: "We must accelerate the green production mode, construct industrial structure and production mode with high scientific and technological content, low resource consumption and less environmental pollution, greatly improve the degree of green economy, accelerate the development of green industry, and form a new growth point of economic and social development. We must accelerate the green lifestyle, realize the transformation of lifestyle and consumption pattern to thrifty, green, low-carbon, civilized and healthy, and refrain from extravagance, waste and unreasonable consumption. The Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee put forward a series of new measures to achieve green development. "To uphold green development, we must adhere to the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment, adhere to sustainable development, firmly follow the path of civilized development of production development, rich life and good ecology, speed up the construction of a resource-saving and environment-friendly society, form a new pattern of harmonious development between man and nature, promote the construction of a beautiful China, and make a new contribution to global ecological security. Contribution. "
Xi Jinping pointed out: "You are kind to the environment, the environment is friendly; if you pollute the environment, the environment will turn its face one day, and you will retaliate relentlessly. This is the law of nature, not the will of man. Xi Jinping pointed out: "We should realize that mountains, rivers, forests, fields and lakes are a community of life. The lifeblood of human beings is in the field, the lifeblood of fields is in the water, the lifeblood of water is in the mountains, the lifeblood of mountains is in the earth, and the lifeblood of soil is in the tree." At the Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee, it was proposed that we should promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, construct a scientific and rational pattern of urbanization, agricultural development, ecological security and natural shoreline, and promote the establishment of a green low-carbon recycling industry system.
Xi Jinping pointed out that "the use control and ecological restoration must follow the natural law, and a department should be responsible for the control of all land and space use within the territory. It is necessary to protect and restore the mountains, rivers, forests, fields and lakes in a unified way." At the Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee, it was proposed that "we should speed up the construction of the main functional areas and give full play to the role of the main functional areas as the basic system of land and space development and protection."
Xi Jinping pointed out: "China's green opportunities are expanding. We should take the road of green development and make resource conservation and environmental friendliness the mainstream way of production and life. We are promoting the revolution of energy production and consumption, optimizing the energy structure, implementing the priority principle of energy conservation and promoting energy conservation in key areas. The Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee proposed that "promoting the development of low-carbon cycle, building a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient modern energy system, and implementing a demonstration project of near-zero carbon emission areas". "To make full use of resources economically and efficiently, to establish a resource concept of conservation, intensive and recycling utilization, to establish and improve the initial allocation system of energy use rights, water use rights, sewage discharge rights and carbon emission rights, and to promote the formation of a thrifty and thrifty social trend."
Xi Jinping pointed out that "efforts should be made to expand the ecological space of environmental capacity and strengthen cooperation in ecological environment protection. On the basis of the cooperation mechanism for prevention and control of air pollution, cooperation mechanisms in the fields of shelter forest construction, water resources protection, water environment management and clean energy use should be improved." At the Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee, it was proposed that "we should strengthen environmental governance to improve environmental quality as the core, implement the strictest environmental protection system, implement in-depth action plans for the prevention and control of atmospheric, water and soil pollution, and implement the vertical management system of monitoring, supervision and law enforcement by environmental protection agencies below the provincial level".
Xi Jinping pointed out: "Implementing major ecological restoration projects to enhance the production capacity of ecological products. Environmental protection and control should focus on solving environmental problems that damage people's health and highlight environmental problems, adhere to prevention-oriented and comprehensive management, strengthen pollution prevention and control of water, air and soil, focus on promoting water pollution prevention and control in key river basins and regions, and focus on promoting air pollution control in key industries and regions. At the Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee, it was proposed that "we should strengthen the ecological security barrier, adhere to the priority of protection and give priority to natural restoration, implement the ecological protection and restoration projects of mountains, rivers, forests, fields and lakes, carry out large-scale land greening, improve the natural forest protection system, and carry out the blue bay harnessing action".
"Environment is people's livelihood", "Castle Peak is beautiful", "Blue Sky is happiness". We should adhere to the concept of green development, implement the strategy of green development and take a new road of civilized development. Since the 18th National Congress, China has made great strides on this road. Politics, economy, culture, society, ecology and Party building are all going green. The Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee once again sounds the trumpet of green development, and China will usher in a green "13th Five-Year Plan"!
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